Gemstone Jewelry & Gemstones : Learn More From Our Online Jewelry Store


Gemstone jewelry come in such a wide variety it can be difficult to choose the right gemstones. Below, we have listed popular gemstones and information on each of them to help you with your jewelry purchases.
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Alexandrite

  • Green in daylight and red in artificial light.
  • (Color change is best in thicker stones).
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 8.5

This gemstone jewelry is often sold artificially to reduce high semi-precious gem costs. There are good reproductions of alexandrite that are light sensitive, so be careful when buying the natural stone. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Amber

  • Light yellow to reddish brown in color range.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 2-2.5

Amber is hardened fossilized sap of pine trees. Often it is found with organic objects suspended in its form. Amber can be polished and tumbled to create high polished gemstones used in affordable, unusual jewelry. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Amethyst – February’s birthstone

  • Violet ranges in color.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7

The most valuable gemstone in the quartz group is amethyst. Its hardness ensures good everyday wear ability. When faceted, like in most designs, amethyst creates a beautiful brilliant violet shine. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Aquamarine – March’s birthstone

  • Pale blue, light blue, blue-green, and nearly colorless.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7.5-8

Aquamarine is a member of the beryl family and gets it’s name from two Latin words meaning “water and sea”. When faceted, Aquamarine shows a clear and bright effect. When held under water aquamarine seems to disappear. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>


Blue Topaz- December’s birthstone

  • Ranges from dark turquoise blue to an intense aqua.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 8

    This clear and bright gemstone gets its name from Sanskrit meaning “fire”. Topaz ranges in color from white or clear, to pink, red, yellow and blue. Its popularity is due to its beautiful color, affordability, and it’s strength. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>
Cameo

Cameos are created by a process of carving through layers of soft, but durable materials such as agate and conch shell. Lifting off layers of these type of stones create color differences that in turn create three dimensions. Cameos are usually portraits of women, often wearing jewelry in soft tones of ivory, white and pink. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Cat’s Eye

An effect that resembles the slit eye of a cat is called cat’s eye. This is caused by the reflection of light by parallel fibers. Cat’s eye is usually found in cabochon-cut gemstones that when rotated, the cat’s eye glides over the surface. This is usually created in quartz that is generally found in white, gray, or yellow in color. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Chalcedony

  • Bluish-white to gray in color
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 6.5-7

In ancient times chalcedony was used in cameo making because of its beautiful color and it’s engravable surface. Now, this quartz gem is becoming popular in white gold settings because of its clean unusual color. Do not clean this stone with abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth.Learn more>>>

Citrine - November’s birthstone

  • Light yellow to golden brown in color.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7

Citrine belongs to the quartz family and is often mistaken as topaz. The French word citron, meaning "lemon", is how this delightful gemstone got its name. Most citrine is clear and bright, but there are instances of some small inclusions. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Coral

  • Red, pink and white in color ranges.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 3-4

The most valuable type of coral is red coral, because of its rarity. Coral like some pearls must be harvested from large bodies of water. Coral is found at depths of 10-1020 feet in the sea. Coral can be carved into beautiful pieces of jewelry, or tumbled into beads for stringing. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Cubic Zircon – April’s alternative birthstone

  • Colorless through black. (Can be created in any color)
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 6.5-7.5

Cubic zircon (called CZs or Cubic Zirconia) is used to create affordable diamond simulated jewelry. Because they are laboratory created, CZs can come in any color.  Keeping your Cubic Zircon clean maintains the brilliant shine that resembles the fire of a diamond or any gem it is trying to replicate. This lab created stone can be cleaned in any type of gem cleaner. Learn more>>>

Diamond - April’s birthstone

  • Colorless, yellow, brown, green, red, pink, blue, and black.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 10

The Greek word Adamas is how diamond got its name, meaning "unconquerable". Nothing compares to the diamond in hardness it is therefore imperishable. Although it is the hardest of the gemstones, it does not mean it is unbreakable. Diamonds of all sizes can be broken if hit hard enough. There are many factors in choosing the right diamond for your purchase. We invite you to visit our Diamond Buying Guide to further educate you. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Emerald – May’s birthstone

  • Light green to hunter green ranges in color.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7.5-8

Larger emeralds have a deeper body color, and when faceted, they come alive with a beautiful spectrum of fire. Although most emeralds are heavily included, these characteristics help customers verify the stone’s authenticity. Emeralds are a beautiful addition to anyone’s jewelry collection, but they should be worn with care. Emeralds are not to be cleaned in ultrasonic cleaners because of their porosity. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Garnet – January’s birthstone

  • Ranges from deep red to rose to lavender in color.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7-7.5

Garnets are often used in jewelry to replace a ruby’s red color, but if compared, side-by-side, the garnet will have a deeper, richer color. Its name is derived from the Latin word granatum meaning "pomegranate". Garnet is said to have calming effects on its wearer. This gemstone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>



Iolite

  • Violet blue to dark purple range in color.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7-7.5

This lovely stone gets its name from its color. Also called "water sapphire", iolite has a dichroite effect, meaning, when it is looked at from different directions, it shows different colors according to the light passed through it. These gemstones can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Jade

  • Black, brown, yellow, green, violet, white and reddish yellow
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 6.5 – 7

The Chinese used jade once as a form of currency. Thought of as a form of good luck throughout history, jade is made into many forms of jewelry and great works of art. Because of its durability jade can be worn everyday and is said to protect those who wear it from injury. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Lapis Lazui – September alternate birthstone

  • Blue in various shades
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 5 – 6

Lapis has been used in jewelry for centuries. The veins found inside the stone add to its uniqueness. Lapis was used by the ancient Egyptians as pigment, medicine and cosmetics. This gemstone is found in many handmade jewelry pieces, especially for men. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Malachite

  • Light green, emerald green, black green
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 3.5 – 4

Malachite is usually found featuring bands of black through its beautiful green background. Malachite is often cabochon cut because of its opaque body. Malachite gets its name from the Greek word Malake meaning "mallow", in reference to its low hardness. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Moonstone – June alternate birthstone

  • Colorless, pale sheen, yellow
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 6 – 6.5

Named after its resemblance in color of the moon. In East India, tradition holds that moonstone is a symbol of the third eye relating to spiritual understanding. Because of its soft nature moonstone should be worn carefully. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Opal – October birthstone

  • White, gray, blue, green, orange
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 5.5 – 6.5

Opal was named after the Indian word for “stone”. Opals are known for its majestic fire displayed, almost floating, inside of its body. Boulder Opals are recognized by their dark blue and green color with spots of red. White Opal, being most popular in birthstone jewelry, displays orange-red and greenish-yellow fire. Mexican Fire Opals are recognized for its pumpkin orange color. All opals are beautiful specimens of the world of gemstones, but should be worn on occasion only. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>


Pearl – June birthstone

  • Pink, silver, cream, golden blue, black, white
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 3 – 4

Pearls are created by mollusks and consist mainly of calcium carbonate. They vary in size from seed pearls to pigeons egg. Pearls are graded in different categories – luster, color, size and pore size. A high white pearl with high luster and small or no pores is what is most desirable. Pearls are very sensitive to hairspray, perspiration, cosmetics, perfume or other acids. These may harm the finish of the pearl. Learn more>>>

Peridot – August birthstone

  • Yellow-green, olive green, brownish, grass green
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 6.5 – 7

Once dreaded as August’s birthstone by babies born that month, peridot has turned a new leaf. The shades of kiwi green have become so fashionable, everyone must have a piece of peridot to add to their collection. These gemstones should be carefully worn because their scratch resistance is low, however, they are still very wearable. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Ruby – July birthstone

  • Medium-pink, fuchsia, blood red
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 9

Ruby is considered the most valuable gemstone. The word “ruby” comes from the Latin word rubeus, meaning "red". Because of the hardness of the stone the ruby is an excellent choice for all types of jewelry. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its
brilliance. Learn more>>>

Sapphire – September birthstone

  • Blue in various hues, colorless, pink, orange, yellow, green, purple and black
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 9

Sapphire gets its name from the Latin word saphirus and the Greek word sappheiros, meaning "blue". Considered the “gem of the heavens”, sapphire's popularity has increased rapidly. A darker blue sapphire set in white metal always brings out this gemstone’s life. When faceted, sapphires are considered very lively and full of fire. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Tanzanite
  • Sapphire blue, amethyst violet, lavender and periwinkle
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 6 – 7

Tanzanite was named after the East – African state of Tanzania. Although, it’s scientific name is blue zoisite. This stone has a watery edge effect called trichroic. It exhibits different colors when viewed from different directions. Because of its low resistance to ultrasound, it should not be cleaned in ultrasonic cleaners. This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Tiger’s eye

Usually this gem is found in gold, yellow or brown. The effect is created by the reflection of light by parallel fibers in a gemstone. This attractive stone is frequently used in men’s jewelry design. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

Tourmaline – October’s alternate birthstone

  • Colorless, Pink, Red, Yellow, brown, green, blue, violet, black, and multi-colored.
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 7 – 7.5

Tourmaline that is seen in most jewelry is usually pink or green. Because of its unusually bright shade of pink, tourmaline is a favorite gemstone among young girls. The name tourmaline is said to have originated from the Sinhalese term turmali meaning "multi-colored". This stone can be cleaned with gem cleaner to maintain its brilliance. Learn more>>>

Turquoise – December alternate birthstone

  • Sky blue, bluish-green, apple green
  • Moh’s scale of hardness 5 – 6

Turquoise was one of the first gemstones ever used for jewelry. It was found buried with a 7500-year-old mummy. This stone’s name was given to it because of its trade route that brought it to Europe via Turkey. Do not clean this stone in abrasive gem cleaner, use a polishing cloth. Learn more>>>

 


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